Jheronimus Bosch (circa 1450-1516), posthumously also called Jeroen Bosch or Hieronymus Bosch, born as Jheronimus van Aken, was a South Dutch painter. He went down in history as 'den duvelmakere' (the creator of devils) and as a painter of satirical representations, but he is particularly significant as an innovator of the visual tradition. He invented conventional motifs in an inventive way and devised a series of new compositions. As a result, the exact meaning of part of his work has remained unknown. Although he was a famous painter during his lifetime and he received commissions from the ducal court in Brussels, little is known about him.
The Garden of Earthly Delights is the title traditionally given to a triptych by the southern Dutch painter Jheronimus Bosch in the Prado in Madrid. It occupies a special place in European art history because of its unique late medieval visual language.